MySQL and Microsoft SQL Server (MSSQL) are two of the most popular enterprise database systems in the world. MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS), and MSSQL Server is an RDBMS developed by Microsoft.
Enterprises can pick from several editions of MSSQL Server based on their budget and unique requirements. But database administrators (DBAs) and programmers should consider how MySQL and MSSQL Server differ before they choose one or the other. Taking time to think your options over will help you pick the best RDBMS for your needs.
But that’s easier said than done. So, we’ve created this comprehensive MySQL vs MSSQL Server guide. We’ll look at the main differences between them, and we’ll delve into how they perform.
MySQL or MSSQL: What Makes Them Similar and Different
SQL is the preferred language for relational databases, regardless of whether you intend to store, edit, or retrieve data. This is how dynamic apps and sites undertake virtually all user requests. In the following MySQL vs MSSQL Server comparison, we’ll check out the basic similarities and differences between both options.
MSSQL vs MySQL: Similarities
MySQL and MSSQL Server share some similarities, as they are both relational databases. The majority of developers, though, specialize in either — usually not both. While MySQL and MSSQL may appear similar, the architecture they are built upon is different.
Let’s cover the major similarities first:
MySQL and MSSQL utilize the standard table model for column-and-row-based data storage found in relational databases.
As databases are responsible for both retrieving and storing data in the shortest time possible, they are your applications’ backbone. Fortunately, MySQL and MSSQL Server provide high-quality performance speeds.
MySQL and MSSQL leverage both primary and foreign keys for creating relationships between tables.
Online Success and Popularity
With regards to running web applications, MySQL and MSSQL Server are the most widely used databases (with the exception of Oracle). You will typically be offered a choice of MySQL vs MSSQL when you sign up for a hosting service.
MySQL and MSSQL have the ability to scale with your business as it continues to grow. They can be used for projects of all sizes, capable of supporting millions of daily transactions.
Both platforms share a similar syntax, though there are some minor differences across create, read, update, and delete (CRUD) statements.
Connection drivers for virtually any popular language can be found online relatively simply. As a result, you can connect MySQL and MSSQL without getting involved in complex coding.
MSSQL dates back to 1989, but the open-source MySQL is slightly more recent as it was launched back in 1995. Both platforms have more than two decades’ history behind them, and have established solid market footholds. You can run MySQL on Windows or Linux, typically within a LAMP environment. MSSQL operates on Windows, so it’s most commonly part of a Windows environment.
MySQL and MSSQL are capable of handling software projects big and small, so you can expect similar levels of performance. Regardless of your chosen server, the performance will mainly hinge on your DBA’s ability for optimizing code and queries.
MSSQL vs MySQL: Differences
Yes, MySQL and MSSQL Server may be similar in multiple ways, primarily with regards to their interfaces and basic standards, but they operate in significantly different ways. The majority of these differences are related to the architecture and occur behind the scenes, so the average user will typically not notice them.
But DBAs should still understand the differences as they’re so important when choosing between MySQL and MSSQL.
Operating System Compatibility
MSSQL Server was developed by Microsoft for Windows OS only, but it has since made RDBMS available for both Linux and Mac OS too. That means that enterprises can run the database system across three distinct platforms, though users still don’t have the option to utilize specific capabilities when using SQL Server on Mac OS X or Linux.
However, MySQL offers smooth performance on several well-known operating systems such as Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
Various programming languages are supported by both MySQL and MSSQL, including:
- Virtual Basic
MySQL offers support for extra languages, too, such as Perl, Eiffel, Haskel, and Tcl. Due to MySQL’s versatility, it has gained popularity in numerous developer communities.
While you can take advantage of both types of database for Linux and Windows projects, MySQL works with PHP natively and MSSQL Server is primarily used with .NET. If you rely on MySQL for PHP and MSSQL Server for Windows projects only, you can expect simpler integration.
MyISAM and InnoDB
MyISAM and InnoDB are MySQL configurations, enabling developers to undertake various activities related to programming and design. MSSQL Server won’t let you specify different engines while creating databases.
As MySQL is open source, it’s a free option, but you will need to pay for support when necessary. However, with MSSQL, you will require licenses for servers running the platform, which makes it more costly.
As MSSQL Server lets you configure your entity framework classes in .NET, you may begin with LINQ queries. But you would have to download third-party tools instead for using .NET with MySQL.
MySQL and MSSQL both have IDE tools, but you will have to align the correct tool with the correct server: Enterprise Manager for MySQL, Management Studio for MSSQL. Both tools enable you to establish a server connection and set up your security, architecture, and table design configurations.
Both MySQL and MSSQL Server were made as binary collections. MySQL lets developers utilize binaries for manipulating database files while running, and database files can also be manipulated by alternative processes at runtime.
On the other hand, MSSQL Server prevents processes from manipulating or accessing binaries or database files. You would be required to run an instance if you intended to achieve this. As a result, hackers will be unable to perform any direct data manipulation — or even access it in the first place. Overall, MSSQL Server offers tighter security than MySQL.
You should extract your data as SQL statements to back it up when using MySQL. The RDBMS provides you with a tool for blocking the database while your data is backed up, which minimizes the risk of data becoming corrupted when switching between different editions or versions of MySQL.
The drawback of this is that restoring data becomes a time-consuming task, as you would need to execute several SQL statements. But MSSQL Server doesn’t block the database during data backup, which allows users to backup and restore huge amounts of data with ease.
Freedom to End Query Execution
Users cannot cancel a query after it begins running on MySQL: you would need to kill the whole process. But MSSQL Server lets users truncate database queries while running without requiring the whole process to be killed.
Furthermore, MSSQL Server incorporates a transactional engine for maintaining a consistent state. That provides MSSQL Server with a key advantage over MySQL.